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Baseball Rules

Baseball, the national sport of America has gained tremendous importance ever since it was introduced in the country. The official Baseball rules are followed in USA and Canada. The game is played between two teams with nine players on either side. The match is supervised by one or more members of the authority. These people are called umpires. The game requires four umpires in major league matches.
Rules of Baseball
Baseball rules require four bases which are numbered counter clockwise from first second and third. The last one is known as bags and is in the shape of 38 cm squares raised a little higher to the ground along with the ‘home plate’. The latter is actually the fourth base forming square with the dimensions of 90 feet, approximately 27.4 m. This is known as ‘diamond’.
There are four plates in the infield which are used for defending runs which are bounded by the foul lines. The outfield area begins from the point where the infield area ends. It is held by a wall or a fence. Apart from this, there is a foul territory which signifies the area outside the foul lines.
Fielding Team
When the fielding team is on the ground, there sole aim is to set a defensive field in order to prevent any run by the base-runners. Out of the nine defensive positions, two are compulsory. These are the pitcher and the catcher. The remaining seven fielders can float to different positions for preventing the batsman from scoring runs. The nine positions mentioned are given below:-
  • Pitcher
  • Catcher
  • First batsman
  • Second batsman
  • Third batsman
  • Shortstop
  • Left fielder
  • Center fielder
  • Right fielder
This convention of numbering was given by Henry Chadwick. Some of the baseball rules include the following subheadings:-
The Battery
The pitcher is one of the most important parts of the battery. It is popularly known as the pitching plate. The catcher stations himself behind the home plate. Like bowlers do in cricket, so does the pitcher does in baseball. His ultimate aim is to pitch the ball in the direction of the home plate in order to get the batter out. The function of the catcher is to ploy a game strategy in accompaniment with the pitcher and the coach. The catcher has to receive the pitch in case the batter misses a hit. Apart from this, the catcher is also vested with the responsibility to defend the home plate area.
The infielders comprise first, second and third batsmen and a shortstop. With the changing developments of the game and its rules, the changing field positions are now called ‘umbrella’. The first baseman is mostly involved in playing ground balls so that he can hit other infielders. The first baseman’s part is to field any ball that is thrown towards him.
The three outfielders are known as left fielder, center fielder and right fielder. It is a universally acknowledged fact that the right fielder has the strongest arms and the center field covers more area than the outfielders. They also help the pitcher and the catcher in collecting balls or throwing them back.
Winning Criteria
In case of big MLB matches which end in a tie, the final result is not declared unless the winner is decided. Extra innings are played for determining the winner. Moreover, if a game is a tie, it will not be counted as an official game. In case there is a climatic intervention (during bad weather), the game is shortened. But even in such a situation, the teams have to play at least five innings. Otherwise, the match will not be considered official.


Last updated on Wed, 05/26/2010 - 15:28.

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